Extreme medicine Lesson 8

Tests for topic

“Behaviour of people in emergency situations and combat conditions”

 

Put the correct answer

  1. Disturbance of normal living conditions and activities of people at an object or territory caused by an accident, disaster, natural disaster or other factors that led (may lead) to the death of people and/or significant material losses is __________
  2. A nonspecific physiological reaction of the body in response to an unexpected and tense situation that mobilizes the reserves of the body and prepares it for the physical activity, such as struggle, escape is
  3. A feeling of fear, which is then transmitted to others and develops into an uncontrollable process, is
  4. Depression and tension associated with the perception of obstacles that cannot be overcome is called _____________.
  5. A general term covering all possible reactions of the military personnel to combat conditions is combat
  6. A term used to describe any combat-related stress reaction that needs help is combat _____________.

 

 

Choose one correct answer

  1. Period of mental disorders lasts from the beginning of impact of the influencing factors to the organization of rescue works (minutes, hours) is called
  1. Isolation phase
  2. Recovery phase
  3. Rescue phase
  4. The stage of anxiety
  5. The stage of resistance

 

  1. Period of mental disorders develops when deploying rescue work, the so-called “normal life” in extreme conditions is called
  1. Isolation phase
  2. Recovery phase
  3. Rescue phase
  4. The stage of anxiety
  5. The stage of resistance

 

  1. Period of mental disorders begins after the evacuation of the victims to safe areas
  1. Isolation phase
  2. Recovery phase
  3. Rescue phase
  4. The stage of anxiety
  5. The stage of resistance

 

  1. Which group of injured with psychic disorders do refer persons with situational disorders that do not reach the level of psycho-emotional disorder and last for 2-24 hours to
  1. 1 group
  2. 2 group
  3. 3 group

 

  1. Which group of injured with psychic disorders do refer persons with pseudoneurosis threshold conditions and somatic disorders syndromes to
  1. 1 group
  2. 2 group
  3. 3 group

 

  1. Which group of injured with psychic disorders do refer persons with psychotic disorders to
  1. 1 group
  2. 2 group
  3. 3 group

 

  1. What is acronym of the principles of rehabilitation for military servants with the signs of combat stress reactions?
  1. AVPU
  2. BICEPS
  3. CABCDE
  4. CABD
  5. DRASBCD

 

  1. The pre-medical aid (rest and recovery) should not last more than 1-3 days (marines and navy – 3-4 days). Which principles of rehabilitation for military servants with the signs of combat stress reactions do refer this statement to?
  1. Brevity
  2. Immediacy
  3. Centrality
  4. Expectancy
  5. Proximity

 

  1. This principle indicates the need to use short and simple methods to restore physical condition and self-confidence. Which principles of rehabilitation for military servants with the signs of combat stress reactions do refer this statement to?
  1. Brevity
  2. Immediacy
  3. Centrality
  4. Expectancy
  5. Simplicity

 

  1. All military servants with combat stress reactions should be together for mutual support, and they must be identified as soldiers. Which principles of rehabilitation for military servants with the signs of combat stress reactions do refer this statement to?
  1. Brevity
  2. Immediacy
  3. Centrality
  4. Expectancy
  5. Simplicity

 

 

Choose several correct answers

  1. Select the actions in the event of panic
  1. Distract people from the source of fear or panic; involve victims in the common cause of a natural disaster or accident
  2. Formation in people of psychological tolerance to emotional and physiological overload;
  3. Orientation of the victims on the leader, on his clear and written commands, calmness
  4. Panic should be stopped immediately and decisively, the sooner the better
  5. Timely and accurate information about the situation or accident
  1. Select the actions to prevent panic
  1. Distract people from the source of fear or panic; involve victims in the common cause of a natural disaster or accident
  2. Formation in people of psychological tolerance to emotional and physiological overload;
  3. Panic should be stopped immediately and decisively, the sooner the better
  4. Preparation of all categories of persons for actions in an extreme situation
  5. Timely and accurate information about the situation or accident
  1. Select the periods of mental disorders
  1. Isolation phase
  2. Recovery phase
  3. Rescue phase
  4. The stage of anxiety
  5. The stage of resistance

 

  1. Select the actions to ensuring the safety of the victim and those around him
  1. Distribution of the victims into groups
  2. In the case of sharp excitement as soon as possible enter sedatives
  3. It is necessary to eliminate the situation of confusion, panic, unhealthy curiosity
  4. Panic should be stopped immediately
  5. Sharp objects should be removed from the victim

 

  1. Select the actions to prevent of mental disorders during extreme situations
  1. Engage in psychological exercises to train will and emotional stability
  2. It is advisable for children of all ages to surround themselves with their favourite toys or other objects, and read their favourite books
  3. Sharp objects should be removed from the victim
  4. Try not to be left the victim alone or surrounded by people who are in the same mental state
  5. Victims should to work together, play, draw, play sports, music, master something as much as possible

 

  1. Select the actions to mutual help to victims in a mild combat fatigue
  1. Engage the military servant with signs of a mild combat stress to perform assigned duties, to productive activities (when he/she is not resting) through training, equipment maintenance, etc.
  2. It is necessary to inform the military servant that his/her reaction is normal, and nothing extremely wrong is happening to him/her
  3. Make sure the military servant practices personal hygiene
  4. Provide the military servant with food and water as soon as it is possible, and give him an opportunity to sleep (as soon as possible!)
  5. Try to restore the confidence of the victim in himself/herself, talk about success

 

  1. Select the actions to mutual help to victims in a severe combat fatigue
  1. Allow him/her to perform some easy tasks when he/she is not sleeping, eating or resting
  2. Assure everyone that the symptoms of the military servant are most likely a reaction to stress and he/she will get better
  3. Convince the military servant that he/she will get better and allow him/her to perform his/her duties as soon as he/she gets better and he/she will be ready for it
  4. If the fighter is upset, calmly talk to him/her and persuade him/her to cooperate
  5. If the signs of the combat fatigue continue, then: move the military servant to a safe place and make sure that someone from the medical staff examines him/her

 

  1. What are the actions that are performed to control combat stress reactions?
  1. Confidence restoration
  2. Persuasion
  3. Rest
  4. Returning
  5. Satisfaction of bodily needs

 

  1. What are the actions to prevent the military personnel with signs of the combat stress from becoming the patient?
  1. Do not evacuate or hospitalize the military servant unless absolutely necessary
  2. Do not make premature diagnoses
  3. Ensure that the military personnel with the combat stress reactions are separated from seriously ill or injured patients
  4. Leave the military servants their uniforms, and they must adhere to military ethics and discipline
  5. Limit medications as much as possible except for serious sleep disorders

 

    10. Select the type of mental disorders in extreme situations

  1. Neuroses
  2. Neurotic disorders
  3. Panic
  4. Pathocharacteristic disorders
  5. Reactive psychoses

 

Establish conformity

  1. Establish a conformity between the different manifestations of stress and their characteristics

 

1. Active stress reaction

A.The performance efficiency decreases sharply

2. Passive stress reaction

B.    The performance efficiency increases

 

 

  1. Establish a conformity between the stage of stress and their characteristics

 

1. The stage of anxiety

A.  Characterized by the resistance to this stressor  and other agents increases, distinguished by the highest level of resistance of the body to the action of harmful factors

2. The stage of resistance

B.  Characterized by the mobilization of all the protective mechanisms of the body, lasts about 6 to 48 hours

3.  The stage of exhaustion

C.  Occurs when the adaptive mechanisms exhaust themselves

 

 

  1. Establish a conformity between the typical reactions of people to extreme situations and their characteristics

 

1. Excitement

 

A.      Decrease in the mental and motor activity,  alienation, a stupor

2. Inhibition

 

B.       There are confusion, perplexity, surprise, hysteria

3. Transitional states

C. Increased alertness, trouble, anxiety that develops into fear, fearfulness, panic

 

 

  1. Establish a conformity between the disorders of human behavior in extreme situations and their characteristics

 

1. Behavior disorganization

A.  It is expressed in the mobilization of all resources of the human psyche to overcome unfavorable circumstances for him/her

2. Sharp inhibition

B.  It is characterized by unexpected loss early learned skills

3. Increasing efficiency of actions

C.  It is characterized by the fact that such a situation can cause a state of stupor

 

 

  1. Establish a conformity between the severity symptoms of combat fatigue and their characteristics

 

1. Mild symptoms

A.      It is obvious disturbances that affect the performance of direct duties, or the tactical situation does not allow leaving the fighter in the unit

2. Severe symptoms

B.       It is a minimal, minor functional impairment, the symptoms are present, but do not significantly affect the performance of direct duties; complaints are more subjective than objective; the tactical situation allows to leave the fighter

 

 

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